Children's Day began on the second Sunday of June in 1857 by Charles Leonard, pastor of the Universalist Church of the Redeemer in Chelsea, Massachusetts. Leonard held a special service dedicated to, and for the children. Leonard named the day Rose Day, though it was later named Flower Sunday, and then named Children's Day.
儿童节最初始于1857年6月的第二个星期天，由马萨诸塞州切尔西救世主普世教会的牧师查尔斯·伦纳德 (Charles Leonard) 博士首创。伦纳德为孩子们举行了一项特别的仪式，并将这一天命名为玫瑰节。后来它被命名为花周日，再后来又被命名为儿童节。
Children's Day was first officially declared a national holiday by the Republic of Turkey in 1920 with the set date of 23 April. After which it was adopted globally. International Children's Day was first proclaimed in Geneva during the World Conference on Child Welfare in 1925 and then moved on to several countries. As there are different dates for the children’s day celebration on the calendar, the communist and post communist countries picked June 1. This movement went on to find a place in United Kingdom and then United States till it became a world remarkable event.
In China, Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June and is formally known as "the June 1 International Children's Day". When China was first established in 1949, the State Council (Cabinet) designated a half-day holiday for all primary schools on 1 June. This was later made into a full day's break in 1956 with The Announcement by the State Council to make 1 June Children's Day a One-Day Holiday. Schools usually hold activities such as children's performances, camping trips, or free movies on Children's Day or the day before to allow students to have fun. Children of civil servants might also receive small gifts from the government until they are fourteen, and Civil servants who have children sometimes have a half-day holiday on 1 June to spend more time with their children. Entrance and set out ceremonies of the Young Pioneers of China are usually held on 1 June as well.
在我国，儿童节定于 6 月 1 日，正式名称为“6 月 1 日国际儿童节”。1949年我国成立之初，国务院规定6月1日全国小学放假半天。1956 年，随着国务院宣布将 6 月 1 日儿童节定为一日假期，这一天变成了一整天的假期。学校通常在儿童节或前一天举办儿童表演、露营旅行或免费电影等活动，让学生们玩得开心。公务员的子女在十四岁之前也可能会收到政府的小礼物，有子女的公务员有时会在 6 月 1 日放假半天，以便有更多时间陪伴子女。中国少先队的入场和出发仪式也通常在6月1日举行。